(六)关系词和关系副词 – 赖世雄语法知识点

关系副词的种类

  1. where=(in which, on which, at which)
  2. When=(in which, on which, at which)
  3. Why=(for which)
  4. How=(in which)

经典句式:When …. 一….就…..

  1. The minute ….
  2. The instant
  3. The day
  4. Everyday
  5. As soon as

关系词

  1. 符合关系代词的例子
    A. whoever
    a. Anybody who
    B. Whomever
    a. Anybody whom
    C. Whichever
    a. Anyone which/who
    b. Either who
  2. 副词连词
    A. whatever
    a. No matter what
    B. Whoever
    a. No matter who

准关系代词

  1. 特征
    A. 前面必须有一个先行词,即以下三个单词,若有名词,即可形成准关系代词
  2. Than
    A. Than + the + 前面的名词 + 关系代词(who/whom/which)
    B. 主语
    a. I have more books than is needed
    1. 这里的than可以翻译为than the book which
    2. I have more books than the book which is needed
    C. 宾语
    a. I have more books than you have
    1. 这里than作为宾语用法
    2. 但要注意,这里动词have和前面重复了,所以推荐用do
    3. I have more books than you do,这样动词不重复更优
    D. be动词后的表语
    a. He is a good student than you are
    1. 这里than是作为表语用法
    2. You are后面是表语,这句话意思应该是他是个比你还好的好学生
    3. 这里的you are的are,be 动词可以省略,所以是
    4. He is a good student than you
  3. As
    A. 搭配用法
    a. Such + n + as(像…..那样的……)
    b. The same + n + as (和…..相同的……)
    c. As + adj. + n + as (和…..一样的…..)
    B. 用法和than类似
    C. as可以代替主句,能替代which的作用,还放到主句的前后
    a. He is a nice coworker, as is known to us.
    b. He is a nice coworker, which is known to us.
    c. As we all know, he is a nice coworker(可以正反颠倒)
    d. Which we all know, he is nice coworker(错误用法)
    D. As + Be + p.p
    a. 这里的be动词可以省略
    b. As was memtioned before
    c. As mentioned before
  4. But
    A. But作为准关系代词的时候,前面的名词需为 no + 名词
    B. 意义转换
    a. But可以表示为(which/who/whom) is not转折的意思
    1. There is no cat but is dog
    b. 注意事项
    1. But后的be动词不能省略
    2. But后的助动词should/can/could要保留
    3. But后的does/did/do去除,然后原来的动词根据形态人称进行转换

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